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Stem Cells versus Surgery for joint pain

Stem Cells versus Surgery for joint pain

Joint pain affects both males and females but is most common in obese and aged people. Joint surgery is known as the best treatment option to get rid of joint pain. But advanced researchers found that stem cells can also prevent the joint pain. Joint pain can be reduced by using individual's own stem cells. Stem cells are multi-potent and possess the feature of regeneration and self-renewal. Stem cells can be sourced from various body parts.

Joint Surgery

Surgeon suggests draping the treated joint, proper rest, medication, and some physical therapies to decrease swelling and pain. Joints get fully recovered within a few weeks or days depending on the patient's age.

Benefits of surgery:

  • Decreased chances of blood loss and tissue damage
  • Better quality of life for the patient
  • After surgery, patient will feel lesser pain
  • The complications are rare in joint surgery
  • The patient does not need to stay in the hospital for a long time

Complications after joint surgery:

After surgery, there may be some risks such as antipode effect to anesthesia, blood clots, and rejection of implant or other infections. Recovery time after a joint surgery is quite frustrating.

  • Infections like lung infection
  • Heart problems
  • Mental disorientation
  • Bleeding or blood clot inside the treated joint
  • Injury to nerve, muscles, ligaments, tendons or cartilage

Stem cell therapy

Stem cells can be helpful in the treatment of joint pain by regenerating cartilage. These cells can reproduce cartilage matrix, elastin fibers, and chondrocytes which form cartilage. Self-healing property of stem cells contributes to joint pain relief. Stem cell therapy can improve functional status of cartilage and life quality.

Stem cell treatment offers intrusive remedies for joint pain. It includes quicker treatment procedure and easier recovery in comparison to surgery. It shows faster improvements like movement and simple static cycling in many cases. In stem cell treatment the patient's own stem cells are used, so there is minor chance of rejection or infection.

Most of the patients who had been treated by stem cells therapy for joint problems, highly recommend this to others. Mesenchymal Stem Cells can be collected from fluid present in joints. These cells possess the ability of chondrogenic differentiation and can be sourced from adipose tissue, bone marrow, skeletal muscle and tubercular bone. They can differentiate further into any type of cells like cells of cartilage, fat, and connective tissue lineages.

Salutary approaches of Mesenchymal Stem Cells have a great benefit to surgical treatments. Stem cell therapy is direct inoculation of desired stem cells in a simple technical way to treat joint pain. After injection, these cells start chondrogenic differentiation. This therapy is appropriate for incomplete cartilage deterioration case. It works only if joint and cartilage fluid is present in joint because these factors are required for stem cell differentiation.

Incredible benefits of stem cell therapy over the surgery are:

  • Immediate improvement
  • Remarkable recovery of the joint

Introduction of stem cells has given a bright hope to the biomedical research and regenerative medicine. Many types of research signify the improvement in joint pain by using stem cell. Numerous clinical observations are still continuing.  Stem cells treatment may bring a valuable alternative to joint surgery.